Deintercalation of hydrazine-intercalated kaolinite in dry and moist air

Frost, Ray L., Kristof, Janos, Kloprogge, J. Theo, & Horvath, Erzsebet (2002) Deintercalation of hydrazine-intercalated kaolinite in dry and moist air. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 246(1), pp. 164-174.

View at publisher


The deintercalation of a low defect kaolinite intercalated with hydrazine has been followed by X-ray diffraction, diffuse reflectance infrared spectroscopy (DRIFT) and Raman microscopy over an extended period of time. X-ray diffraction showed the kaolinite was totally intercalated and that more than 120 hours were required for the hydrazine intercalate to be decomposed. The Raman spectra of the hydrazine intercalate showed only a single band at 3620 cm-1 attributed to the inner hydroxyl group. Upon deintercalation additional Raman bands were observed at 3626 and 3613 cm-1. These bands decreased in intensity with further deintercalation. As deintercalation occurs the bands assigned to the inner surface hydroxyl groups at 3695, 3682, 3670 and 3650 cm-1 appeared and increased in intensity. DRIFT spectra showed two bands at 3620 and 3626 cm-1 for the fully intercalated kaolinite only. Upon deintercalation an additional band assigned to intercalated water was observed at 3599 cm-1 and increased in intensity at the expense of the 3626 cm-1 band. Further, the bands attributed to the inner surface hydroxyl groups increased in intensity with deintercalation. Both the Raman and DRIFT spectra showed complexity in the NH stretching region with two sets of NH symmetric and asymmetric stretching bands observed. Deintercalation was easily followed by the loss of intensity of these bands. Significant changes were also observed in the hydroxyl deformation and water bending modes as a result of deintercalation. A new model of hydrazine intercalation of kaolinite based on the insertion of a hydrazine-water unit is proposed. The hydrated end of the hydrazine molecule hydrogen bonds with the inner surface hydroxyl groups resulting in the formation of the new band at 3626 cm-1 in the DRIFT spectra.

Impact and interest:

10 citations in Scopus
11 citations in Web of Science®
Search Google Scholar™

Citation counts are sourced monthly from Scopus and Web of Science® citation databases.

These databases contain citations from different subsets of available publications and different time periods and thus the citation count from each is usually different. Some works are not in either database and no count is displayed. Scopus includes citations from articles published in 1996 onwards, and Web of Science® generally from 1980 onwards.

Citations counts from the Google Scholar™ indexing service can be viewed at the linked Google Scholar™ search.

Full-text downloads:

460 since deposited on 21 Apr 2005
13 in the past twelve months

Full-text downloads displays the total number of times this work’s files (e.g., a PDF) have been downloaded from QUT ePrints as well as the number of downloads in the previous 365 days. The count includes downloads for all files if a work has more than one.

ID Code: 1078
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Intercalation, hydrazine, kaolinite, hydroxyls, hydrogen bonding, Raman microscopy, X, ray powder diffraction
DOI: 10.1006/jcis.2001.8011
ISSN: 0021-9797
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > CHEMICAL SCIENCE (030000) > INORGANIC CHEMISTRY (030200)
Divisions: Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Science and Technology
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2002 Elsevier
Copyright Statement: Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Deposited On: 21 Apr 2005 00:00
Last Modified: 01 Jul 2017 07:01

Export: EndNote | Dublin Core | BibTeX

Repository Staff Only: item control page