Synthesis and characterisation of Saponite clays

Vogels, R.J.M.J., Kloprogge, J. Theo, & Geus, John W. (2004) Synthesis and characterisation of Saponite clays. American Mineralogist, 90(5/6), pp. 931-944.


A new procedure has been developed for a fast preparation of saponite clays under the non-hydrothermal synthesis conditions of 90 degrees Celsius and 1 atmosphere. Saponites were synthesised from a stoichiometric mixture containing Si/Al3+ gel, M2+-nitrate (M2+ = Mg, Zn, Ni, Co, or Cu), urea and water within a few hours. The synthesis products were characterised with XRD, IR, TEM, XRF, N2-physisorption, Al-EXAFS, and 27Al- and 29Si-MASNMR Incorporation of Mg, Zn, Co, Ni, or a combination of these cations in the octahedral sheet, as well as controlling the Si/Al ratio in the tetrahedral sheet in the range between 5.67 and 39.0 could easily be established. Pure Cu-saponite could not be synthesised due to the preferred formation of chrysocolla, but a combination of Mg2+ and Cu2+ resulted in saponite formation. The chemical composition strongly influences the textural properties of the saponites. It is possible to prepare saponite samples of a specific surface area and pore volume of 100 to 750 m2/g and 0.15 to 1.05 ml/g, respectively. The lateral size and the amount of stacking of the saponite platelets could be influenced by the composition, synthesis duration and amount of urea. The new synthesis procedure provides an easy way to prepare high quantities of saponites with far-reaching control on the texture as well as the composition.

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ID Code: 1280
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional Information: Access to the author-version is currently restricted pending permission from the publisher. For more information, please refer to the journal’s website (see link) or contact the author. Author contact details:
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ISSN: 0003-004X
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > CHEMICAL SCIENCE (030000) > INORGANIC CHEMISTRY (030200)
Divisions: Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Science and Technology
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2004 Mineralogical Society of America
Deposited On: 11 Oct 2005 00:00
Last Modified: 15 Jan 2009 06:37

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