Children's application of simultaneous and successive processing in inductive and deductive reasoning problems : implications for developing scientific reasoning skills

Watters, James J. & English, Lyn D. (1995) Children's application of simultaneous and successive processing in inductive and deductive reasoning problems : implications for developing scientific reasoning skills. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 32(7), pp. 699-714.

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The research reported in this paper was undertaken to obtain a better understanding of problem solving and scientific reasoning in 10-year-old children. The study involved measuring children's competence at syllogistic reasoning and in solving a series of problems requiring inductive reasoning. Children were also categorized on the basis of levels of simultaneous and successive synthesis. Simultaneous and successive synthesis represent two dimensions of information processing identified by Luria in a program of neuro-psychological research. Simultaneous synthesis involves integration of information in a holistic or spatial fashion whereas successive synthesis involves processing information sequentially with temporal links between stimuli. Analysis of the data generated in the study indicated that syllogistic reasoning and inductive reasoning were significantly correlated with both simultaneous and successive synthesis. However, the strongest correlation was found between simultaneous synthesis and inductive reasoning. These findings provide a basis for understanding the roles of spatial and verbal-logical ability as defined by Luria's neuropsychological theory in scientific problem solving. The results also highlight the need for teachers to provide experiences which are compatible with individual students' information processing styles.

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1 citations in Scopus
9 citations in Web of Science®
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ID Code: 1766
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: science education, reasoning, Luria, spatial ability
DOI: 10.1002/tea.3660320705
ISSN: 0022-4308
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > EDUCATION (130000)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Education
Copyright Owner: Copyright 1995 John Wiley & Sons
Copyright Statement: The definite version is available on publication at
Deposited On: 04 Jul 2005 00:00
Last Modified: 25 Mar 2013 08:07

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