Ocular surface temperature

Efron, Nathan, Young, Graeme, & Brennan, Noel A. (1989) Ocular surface temperature. Current eye research, 8(9), pp. 901-906.


A wide-field color-coded infra-red imaging device was applied to the measurement of i) the temperature profile across the ocular surface and ii) the temporal stability of central corneal temperature, on 21 subjects. The thermographs showed a pattern of ellipsoidal isotherms (major axis horizontal) approximately concentric about a temperature apex (coldest point) which was slightly inferior to the geometric center of the cornea (GCC). The GCC had a mean temperature (+/- SD) of 34.3 +/- 0.7 degrees C (range 32.8 to 35.4 degrees C). Temperature increased towards the periphery of the cornea with the limbus being 0.45 degrees C warmer than the GCC (p less than 0.0001). Following a blink, the GCC cooled at a mean (+/- SD) rate of 0.033 +/- 0.024 degrees C/s (p less than 0.0001) over the first 15s. Subjects whose corneas cooled more slowly following a blink demonstrated a greater capacity to avoid blinking for a prolonged period (p less than 0.05). This improved method of measuring ocular surface temperature has important applications in modeling corneal physiology and pathology.

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107 citations in Web of Science®
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ID Code: 3364
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional Information: For more information, please refer to the journal’s website (see link) or contact the author. Author contact details: n.efron@qut.edu.au
Additional URLs:
Keywords: Body Temperature, Ocular Physiology, Adult, Blinking, Cornea/physiology, Female, Humans, Infrared Rays, Male, Research Support, Non, U, S, Gov't, Surface Properties, Thermography/methods
ISSN: 0271-3683
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > OPTOMETRY AND OPHTHALMOLOGY (111300)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Copyright Owner: Copyright 1989 Taylor & Francis
Copyright Statement: First published in Current eye research. 8(9):pp. 901-906.
Deposited On: 17 Feb 2006 00:00
Last Modified: 10 Aug 2011 13:21

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