Gender Differences in Anxiety: An Investigation of the Symptoms, Cognitions, and Sensitivity towards Anxiety in a Nonclinical Population

Armstrong, Kerry A. & Khawaja, Nigar G. (2002) Gender Differences in Anxiety: An Investigation of the Symptoms, Cognitions, and Sensitivity towards Anxiety in a Nonclinical Population. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 30(2), pp. 227-231.

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The current investigation sought to determine whether any observable gender differences existed in the expression of symptoms, cognitions, and sensitivity towards anxiety for a nonclinical sample of 50 males and 50 females, matched for age and social desirability response bias. To investigate this, a between groups study was employed which compared the male and female groups on the Beck Anxiety Inventory (Beck & Steer, 1993); Catastrophic Cognitions Questionnaire –Modified (Khawaja, Oei & Banglioni, 1994); Anxiety Sensitivity Index (Reiss, Peterson, Gurskey & McNally, 1986); and Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale (Crowne & Marlowe, 1960). Multivariate analyses of variance revealed that females reported higher concern than males regarding the cognitive misinterpretation of the symptoms and beliefs of anxiety. In the context of these results, it would appear that cognitive factors play the most important role towards our understanding of gender differences in anxiety within the nonclinical population. The strengths, limitations, and directions for future research are discussed.

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26 citations in Scopus
22 citations in Web of Science®
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ID Code: 4462
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
DOI: 10.1017/S1352465802002114
ISSN: 1469-1833
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES (170000) > PSYCHOLOGY (170100) > Biological Psychology (Neuropsychology Psychopharmacology Physiological Psychology) (170101)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2002 Cambridge University Press
Copyright Statement: Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Deposited On: 15 Jun 2006 00:00
Last Modified: 09 Jun 2010 12:32

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