Distributed Generation Control using Protection Principles

Le, An D.T., Kashem, Mohammad A., Negnevitsky, Michael, & Ledwich, Gerard F. (2006) Distributed Generation Control using Protection Principles. In AUPEC 2006: Australasian Universities Power Engineering Conference, 10th-13th Dec 2006, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.


In a distribution system, it is essential to maintain the voltage variation within a specified limit for satisfactory operation of connected customers' equipment. Normally, this goal is achieved by controlling the operation of compensating devices, such as load tap changing transformers, shunt capacitors, series capacitors, shunt reactors, and static VAr compensators. However, technical and regulatory developments are encouraging a greater number of small generator units, known as Distributed Generation (DG), and this has the potential to significantly affect voltage control systems. This paper presents an adaptive voltage control technique which incorporates DG systems into the voltage control system. The control scheme uses On-load Tap Changing Transformer (OLTC) and DG for voltage corrections, both are driven by advanced Line Drop Compensators (LDC). At the substation, the LDC is employed to control step up or step down decisions of the OLTC, while another LDC will be used at DG connection point to set DG parameters. Also, for a more cost-effective system, voltage control action coordination is proposed using magnitude grading and time grading. The control approach is tested on a modified distribution system with load variations that are stochastic in time and location. The results show that the integration of these magnitude grading and time grading, protection principles have considerably reduced the DG energy required to achieve the desired control.

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ID Code: 4933
Item Type: Conference Paper
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Distributed Generation, Power Distribution System, Voltage Control, On, load Tap Changing Transformer, Line Drop Compensator
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC ENGINEERING (090600) > Power and Energy Systems Engineering (excl. Renewable Power) (090607)
Divisions: Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Built Environment and Engineering
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2006 (please consult author)
Deposited On: 12 Dec 2006 00:00
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2012 13:17

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