The use of colour difference vectors in diagnosing congenital colour vision deficiencies with the Farnsworth-Munsell 100-hue test

Vingrys, Algis J., Atchison, David A., & Bowman, Kenneth J. (1992) The use of colour difference vectors in diagnosing congenital colour vision deficiencies with the Farnsworth-Munsell 100-hue test. Ophthalmic and Physiological Optics, 12(1), pp. 38-45.

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Colour difference vector analysis provides useful and meaningful information in scoring the Farnsworth-Munsell (FM) 100-hue test. However, the FM 100-hue test is limited in its ability to diagnose type and severity of congenital colour vision defect. Type classification for all subjects is incorrect in 21% of cases, and for deuteranomals the misclassification rate is 38%. Visual inspection of the plots yields a similar misclassification rate and classification of plots with few errors (under 180) is generally less reliable. The FM 100-hue test has a limited ability to separate dichromats from anomalous trichromats. A test protocol based on joint D15 and FM 100-hue tests should pass 36% of anomalous trichromats and 26% of all colour defectives yet fail all dichromatic observers. We conclude that administering the FM 100-hue test is of less value than a combination of D15 panels (Standard D15 and L’Anthony’s desaturated D15) in the clinical diagnosis of congenital colour defective observers. Our results for the FM 100-hue panel are similar to those reported previously by other investigators.

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9 citations in Scopus
7 citations in Web of Science®
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ID Code: 5087
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional Information: For more information, please refer to the journal’s website (see link) or contact the author. Author contact details:
Keywords: colour vision, Farnsworth, Munsell, 100, hue test, congenital
DOI: 10.1111/j.1475-1313.1992.tb00252.x
ISSN: 0275-5408
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > OPTOMETRY AND OPHTHALMOLOGY (111300)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Copyright Owner: Copyright 1992 Blackwell Publishing
Copyright Statement: The definitive version is available at
Deposited On: 27 Sep 2006 00:00
Last Modified: 10 Aug 2011 18:06

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