Lethal Violence and, State Formation in Cambodia

Broadhurst, Roderic G. (2002) Lethal Violence and, State Formation in Cambodia. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology, 35(1), pp. 1-26.

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This paper estimates homicide rates and describes the nature of violence and crime for Cambodia. Limited data allows only a partial picture of the trends and nature of lethal violence. Post-war economic adversity combined with a weak state and underdeveloped "legal culture" contributed to an elevated rate of homicide. Frequent acts of murder-robbery, mayhem, political violence and banditry present a major threat to social and economic development. A murder incident rate of approximately 5.7 per 100,000 but a homicide rate of 9.3 per 100,000 was estimated for 1996, higher than most countries in the region except the Philippines. Political and economic adversity drove the homicide rate to 11.6 per 100,000 in 1998 similar to levels reached during 1993 the year of the first national elections. Usually homicides were between males and commonly arose from robbery, disputes and quarrels with most deaths resulting from gunfire. Extra-judicial death arising from police or "mob" actions accounted for high rates of suspect/offender death and contributed significantly to the homicide rate. Rates of violent crime were higher in rural areas but Phnom Penh experienced higher levels of property crime than the provinces. The homicide rate is compared with neighbouring countries and the roles of modernisation, policing and crime are discussed.

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ID Code: 5385
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: lethal violence, failed states, Cambodia, homicide, crime statistics
DOI: 10.1375/acri.35.1.1
ISSN: 0157-1532
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > STUDIES IN HUMAN SOCIETY (160000) > CRIMINOLOGY (160200) > Criminology not elsewhere classified (160299)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Law
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2002 Australian Academic Press
Copyright Statement: Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Deposited On: 02 Nov 2006 00:00
Last Modified: 09 Jun 2010 12:35

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