Early death following primary total hip arthroplasty: 1,727 procedures with mechanical thrombo-prophylaxis

Blom, Ashley W., Pattison, Giles, Whitehouse, Sarah L., Taylor, Adrian H., & Bannister, Gordon C. (2006) Early death following primary total hip arthroplasty: 1,727 procedures with mechanical thrombo-prophylaxis. Acta Orthopaedica, 77(3), pp. 347-350.

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The aims of this study were to quantify the risk and identify the causes of early postoperative mortality after total hip arthroplasty. This would help clinicians address preventable causes of death and help in accurate counseling and consenting of patients. METHODS: We determined the death rate at 90 days in an unselected consecutive series of 1,727 primary total hip arthroplasties where patients had not routinely received chemothromboprophylaxis. RESULTS: The mortality at 90 days was 17/1,727 (1%). The 90-day mortality was 0.2% in patients under 70 years of age, 1.3% in patients between 70 and 80, and 2.5% in those over 80. 7 patients died from ischemic heart disease, 4 died following cerebrovascular events, and 2 from pulmonary embolism. 4 patients died from non-vascular causes. Of the vascular deaths, ischemic heart disease outnumbered cerebrovascular events which, in turn, outnumbered pulmonary embolism (7 vs. 4 vs. 2). INTERPRETATION: Strategies aimed at reducing deaths should address all vascular causes, not just pulmonary embolism. Our findings can be used to inform patients as to the risk of early death after total hip arthroplasty

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34 citations in Scopus
31 citations in Web of Science®
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ID Code: 5583
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional Information: s.whitehouse@qut.edu.au
DOI: 10.1080/17453670610046244
ISSN: 1745-3682
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > CLINICAL SCIENCES (110300) > Orthopaedics (110314)
Divisions: Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Built Environment and Engineering
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2006 Taylor & Francis
Copyright Statement: First published in Acta Orthopaedica 77(3):pp. 347-350.
Deposited On: 28 Nov 2006 00:00
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2012 13:18

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