Revisiting the Sense of Community Index : a confirmatory factor analysis

Obst, Patricia L. & White, Katherine M. (2004) Revisiting the Sense of Community Index : a confirmatory factor analysis. Journal of Community Psychology, 32(6), pp. 691-705.

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The Sense of Community Index (SCI) is one of the most commonly used measures of Psychological Sense of Community (PSOC). There is much discussion in the literature as to the validity of the scale as a measure not only of overall PSOC, but of the dimensions (Membership, Influence, Needs Fulfillment and Emotional Connection) theorized by McMillan and Chavis (1986) to underlie the construct. The current paper examines the factor structure of the SCI in a study (N = 219) that examines multiple community memberships, including neighborhood, student and interest group communities. Data was analyzed via confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). The results showed that the SCI, in its original factor structure, did not adequately fit the data. The scale was revised, therefore, utilizing CFA indicators, to produce a new four-factor structure based on the same items. This revised model was tested and found to display adequate fit indices to the data in all three communities. The results of the study provide empirical support for retaining measures that encapsulate the four dimensions of PSOC.

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59 citations in Scopus
44 citations in Web of Science®
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ID Code: 604
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Sense of Community Index
DOI: 10.1002/jcop.20027
ISSN: 0090-4392
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES (170000) > PSYCHOLOGY (170100)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2004 John Wiley & Sons
Copyright Statement: The definite version is available on publication at
Deposited On: 09 Dec 2004 00:00
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2012 13:04

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