Identification, characterisation and specificity of a cell wall lytic enzyme from Lactobacillus fermentum BR11

Turner, Mark S., Hafner, Louise M., Walsh, Terence Patrick, & Giffard, Philip M. (2004) Identification, characterisation and specificity of a cell wall lytic enzyme from Lactobacillus fermentum BR11. FEMS Microbiology Letters, 238(1), pp. 9-15.

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Screening of a genomic library with an antiserum raised against whole Lactobacillus fermentum BR11 cells identified a clone expressing an immunoreactive 37-kDa protein. Analysis of the 3010-bp DNA insert contained within the clone revealed four open reading frames (ORFs). One ORF encodes LysA, a 303 amino acid protein which has up to 35% identity with putative endolysins from prophages Lj928 and Lj965 from Lactobacillus johnsonii and Lp1 and Lp2 from Lactobacillus plantarum as well as with the endolysin of Lactobacillus gasseri bacteriophage Phiadh. The immunoreactive protein was shown to be encoded by a truncated ORF downstream of lysA which has similarity to glutamyl-tRNA synthetases. The N-terminus of LysA has sequence similarity with N-acetylmuramidase catalytic domains while the C-terminus has sequence similarity with putative cell envelope binding bacterial SH3b domains. C-terminal bacterial SH3b domains were identified in the majority of Lactobacillus bacteriophage endolysins. LysA was expressed in Escherichia coli and unusually was found to have a broad bacteriolytic activity range with activity against a number of different Lactobacillus species and against Lactococcus lactis, streptococci and Staphylococcus aureus. It was found that LysA is 2 and 8000 times more active against L. fermentum than L. lactis and Streptococcus pyogenes, respectively.

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10 citations in Scopus
9 citations in Web of Science®
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ID Code: 7956
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional Information: For more information or for a copy of this article contact the author at
Keywords: cell wall enzymes, Lactobacillus
DOI: 10.1111/j.1574-6968.2004.tb09730.x
ISSN: 0378-1097
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES (060000) > MICROBIOLOGY (060500) > Microbial Genetics (060503)
Divisions: Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Science and Technology
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Research Centres > Science Research Centre
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2004 Blackwell Publishing
Copyright Statement: The definitive version is available at
Deposited On: 01 Jun 2007 00:00
Last Modified: 30 Mar 2015 21:49

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