Determination of surrogate indicators for phosphorus and solids in urban stormwater : application of multivariate data analysis techniques

Settle, Steven, Goonetilleke, S. Ashantha, & Ayoko, Godwin A. (2007) Determination of surrogate indicators for phosphorus and solids in urban stormwater : application of multivariate data analysis techniques. Water Air and Soil Pollution, 182(1-4), pp. 149-161.

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Solids and phosphorus found within urban stormwater have the potential to cause environmental damage to ecological systems in receiving waters. The evaluation of these pollutants in urban stormwater is usually undertaken by physico-chemical monitoring programs which sample streamflow for laboratory assessment. In this study, data from two such monitoring programs have been examined for the catchment characteristics which influence solids and phosphorus discharge behaviour and the potential for the use of surrogate indicators to predict streamflow concentrations. The study involved partitioning of the components on the basis of the dissolved and particulate fractions. Suspended solids and particulate phosphorus were found to depend on the extent of impervious area within the catchment. Surrogate indicators were evaluated in order to provide supplementary key indicators that can be used for site based measurements with fewer requirements for laboratory based analysis. Investigation of the physical and chemical behaviour of solids and phosphorus by univariate and multivariate data analysis techniques allowed the identification of a number of parameters with the potential for interrelationship. Thus, relationships were developed for suspended and dissolved solids using turbidity and conductivity, and for dissolved and particulate phosphorus using suspended and dissolved solids. These relationships will enhance rapid generation of vital information on spatial and temporal variation of indicator concentrations in urban stormwater.

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23 citations in Scopus
21 citations in Web of Science®
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ID Code: 8628
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: solids, phosphorous, surrogate indicators, urban stormwater, multivariate analysis
DOI: 10.1007/s11270-006-9328-2
ISSN: 1573-2932
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > CHEMICAL SCIENCE (030000) > ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY (030100) > Quality Assurance Chemometrics Traceability and Metrological Chemistry (030106)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES (070000) > OTHER AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES (079900) > Agricultural Hydrology (Drainage Flooding Irrigation Quality etc) (079901)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING (090700) > Environmental Engineering Modelling (090702)
Divisions: Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Built Environment and Engineering
Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Science and Technology
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2007 Springer
Copyright Statement: The original publication is available at SpringerLink
Deposited On: 13 Jul 2007 00:00
Last Modified: 23 Jun 2017 14:39

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