The relationship between working memory and cognitive functioning in children

O'Connor, Brett, Spencer, Fiona H., & Patton, Wendy A. (2003) The relationship between working memory and cognitive functioning in children. In Australian Journal of Psychology, Australian Psychological Society, Perth, Australia, pp. 147-152.


One-hundred and forty-four Year 1 children (51% boys and 49% girls, mean age 6) from Queensland State primary schools participated in a study to investigate the relationship between working memory and cognitive functioning. Children were given two tests of cognitive functioning (the School-Years Screening Test for the Evaluation of Mental Status (SYSTEMS) and the Kaufman Brief Intelligence Test (K-BIT)) and six subtests of working memory from the Working Memory Test Battery for Children (WMTB-C) (Backward Digit Recall, Listening Recall, Digit Recall, Word List Matching, Word List Recall and Non-word List Recall). The two cognitive tests correlated at r = .50. Results showed a high correlation between SYSTEMS and the Phonological Loop (PL) component of working memory. The K-BIT also correlated highly with PL component. The SYSTEMS and K-BIT showed various levels of correlation with the working memory sub-tests. A measurement model utilising Confirmatory Factor Analysis method showed a strong relationship between working memory and cognitive functioning, the degree of fit for the model was very high at GFI = .996.

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ID Code: 940
Item Type: Conference Paper
Refereed: Yes
Additional URLs:
Keywords: working memory, children’s cognitive functioning
ISBN: 0909881235
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES (170000) > PSYCHOLOGY (170100) > Educational Psychology (170103)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > EDUCATION (130000) > SPECIALIST STUDIES IN EDUCATION (130300) > Learning Sciences (130309)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Education
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2003 Australian Psychological Society
Copyright Statement: This is an electronic version of an article published in Proceedings of the 38th APS Annual Conference 2 - 5 October 2003, Perth WA : development through diversity. Melbourne, 2003.
Deposited On: 31 Mar 2005 00:00
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2012 12:57

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