Influencing the Perceived Emotions of Music with Intent

Livingstone, Steven R., Brown, Andrew R., & Muhlberger, Ralf (2005) Influencing the Perceived Emotions of Music with Intent. In Innocent, Troy (Ed.) 3rd Iteration, December 2005, Melbourne.


Music is an immensely powerful affective medium that pervades our everyday life. With ever advancing technology, the reproduction and application of music for emotive and information transfer purposes has never been more prevalent. In this paper we introduce a rule-based engine for influencing the perceived emotions of music. Based on empirical music psychology, we attempt to formalise the relationship between musical elements and their perceived emotion. We examine the modification to structural aspects of music to allow for a graduated transition between perceived emotive states. This mechanism is intended to provide music reproduction systems with a finer grained control over this affective medium; where perceived musical emotion can be influenced with intent. This intent comes from both an external application and the audience. Using a series of affective computing technologies, an audience’s response metrics and attitudes can be incorporated to model this intent. A generative feedback loop is set up between the external application, the influencing process and the audience’s response to this, which together shape the modification of musical structure. The effectiveness of influencing perceived musical emotion was examined in earlier work, with a small test study providing generally encouraging results.

Impact and interest:

Search Google Scholar™

Citation counts are sourced monthly from Scopus and Web of Science® citation databases.

These databases contain citations from different subsets of available publications and different time periods and thus the citation count from each is usually different. Some works are not in either database and no count is displayed. Scopus includes citations from articles published in 1996 onwards, and Web of Science® generally from 1980 onwards.

Citations counts from the Google Scholar™ indexing service can be viewed at the linked Google Scholar™ search.

Full-text downloads:

1,060 since deposited on 17 Sep 2007
30 in the past twelve months

Full-text downloads displays the total number of times this work’s files (e.g., a PDF) have been downloaded from QUT ePrints as well as the number of downloads in the previous 365 days. The count includes downloads for all files if a work has more than one.

ID Code: 9526
Item Type: Conference Paper
Refereed: Yes
Additional URLs:
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > STUDIES IN CREATIVE ARTS AND WRITING (190000) > PERFORMING ARTS AND CREATIVE WRITING (190400) > Musicology and Ethnomusicology (190409)
Divisions: Past > Research Centres > Australasian CRC for Interaction Design (ACID)
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Creative Industries Faculty
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2005 (The authors)
Deposited On: 17 Sep 2007 00:00
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2012 13:17

Export: EndNote | Dublin Core | BibTeX

Repository Staff Only: item control page